Giant Hogweed was introduced from the Caucasus to Victorian gardens in the 19th century. In the United Kingdom, Giant Hogweed has become extremely invasive in suitable habitats, such as river and stream banks, railway lines, disused waste land and other damp places.
Giant Hogweed is a tall, usually three to five metres, plant with several hundred small white flowers in large umbrella-like flower heads up to 500 millimetres across. Stems are green with dark-red or purple blotches and are hollow. Leaves are dark green and jagged in appearance and spiky are the ends.
Each flower head produces thousands of seeds, approximately 10 millimetres x 7 millimetres, that are easily dispersed by water, therefore the seeds can disperse rapidly along watercourses. The key identification features of the plant are:
The stems, edges and undersides of the leaves have small hairs containing phototoxic sap. The slightest contact with human skin can cause painful blistering and severe skin irritation when exposed to sunlight. Blistering can take 24 to 48 hours to appear after exposure. The reaction can recur for six years or more.
If you do come into contact with giant hogweed cover the affected area of skin immediately from sunlight. Then wash the skin with cold water as soon as possible. If contact is with the eyes or blisters occur seek medical advice.
On your property, you should aim to control this plant and, to prevent it becoming a problem in your neighbourhood.
Control can be carried out by the homeowner, and does not require a specialist company. However due to the dangerous nature of the plant we do not recommend this, a specialist company will be skilled at control and can dispose of the plant waste safely.
On no account should Giant Hogweed be included with normal household waste or put out in green waste collection schemes.
Where problems with Giant Hogweed occur in neighbouring gardens or land, we suggest that you speak or correspond directly with your neighbour or land owner who may already be taking action to control this weed.
If you are concerned about Giant Hogweed on land in Salford let us know. Where it is on land owned by the council, we will include it in our treatment programme. If it is not on council land, we will endeavour to inform the relevant land owner.